ASTM-D describes the standard practice for performance testing of shipping containers and systems. It provides a guide for the evaluation of shipping units. 1 Oct 1) ASTM D – Historical Perspective. – Review of Protective Package Testing Protocols, pre-ASTM D – Overview and Significance of. Among the oldest package integrity tests. • Referred to as “non-simulation” test. • Not item-by-item comparable with ASTM. • ASTM D Distribution Cycle 2.
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Astm d4169 Distribution Cycle that is asfm used when air transport will not be used in the distribution enviroment is DC3, and astm d4169 shown below. The practice has a number astm d4169 attributes appealing to a widely varied group of potential users. Packaging Problems Solved Prior to the availability of Dif any testing was performed, packaging designers typically followed one or more standard test methods to check the strength, durability and protective capability of the package they were developing.
A Performance Standard The performance approach has astm d4169 practiced for many years in some technologies outside of packaging. For use as a performance test, this practice requires that the shipping unit tested astm d4169 unopened until the sequence of tests are completed.
There are DCs for truck, rail, air, export, import and even asfm military requirements. Historical Version s – astm d4169 previous astm d4169 of standard.
Work Item s – proposed revisions of this standard. Within ast, specified requirements of a performance standard, producers may use their ingenuity to produce a product that is both cost-effective and safe. This is accomplished by subjecting them to a test plan consisting of a sequence of anticipated hazard elements encountered in various distribution cycles.
The decision was then made to employ DC 2, specially defined environment, user specified, v4169 develop a test plan similar to DC 3, single package by truck, up to pounds [45 kg], but modified by the recorded information.
The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided astm d4169 information only and are not considered standard. There is general agreement within government and astm d4169 that performance standards are more likely to encourage innovative designs and less astm d4169 to restrain competitive product development than standards that specify astm d4169 or design methods.
In the early s, the performance approach was being applied in a number of new fields and the late W. The performance astm d4169 has been practiced for many years in some technologies outside of packaging.
ASTM-D describes astm d4169 standard practice for performance testing of shipping containers and systems. It turned out to be the most momentous task ever undertaken by D10, finally achieving full approval as D in due in no small part to task group co-leaders Fred Ostrem and Wstm. Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.
McKinlay has served four terms as chairman of Astm d4169 D10 and is currently the U. Some DCs aetm for single shipping containers while others cover unitized loads such as palletized astm d4169. His entire career has involved packaging and handling: This practice is not intended to supplant material specifications or existing preshipment test procedures. Prior to the availability of Dif any testing was performed, packaging designers typically followed astm d4169 or more standard test methods to check the strength, durability and protective capability of the package they were developing.
The tests d1469 be performed sequentially on the same astm d4169 in the order given.
ASTM D – 14 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
The following adtm of astm d4169 was produced to simulate the hazards as recorded in actual shipments. Astm d4169 is accomplished by subjecting them to a test plan consisting of a sequence of anticipated hazard elements encountered in various distribution cycles.
When other astm d4169 showed little interest in doing so, Newman used his position as the chairman of Committee D10 astm d4169 to form a dd4169 group for developing a performance standard for shipping containers and systems. There are three levels available for all test methods based on the assurance level one wants to achieve in astm d4169 performance.
Unfortunately this situation still exists, but the advent of D presents packaging designers with the opportunity to do their job right by checking expected performance astm d4169 the lab before shipping out. Level II is used by r4169 companies for most goods while manufacturers of such products as high value items or critical care products like medical devices may select Level I for the highest assurance that their packaged product will d44169 undamaged.
Chief among these attributes are a list of 18 distribution cycles, or DCs, containing a variety of package forms and carriers from which users can select the one representing their particular need.
ASTM D – 16 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
If used for other purposes, such as package development, it may be useful to open and inspect shipping units at various times throughout the sequence. It provides a guide for the evaluation of shipping units astm d4169 accordance wstm a uniform system, using established test methods at levels representative of astm d4169 occurring in actual distribution.
D has been rigorously analyzed ever since it was approved over astm d4169 years ago, and has occupied a fixed location on every D10 meeting agenda since. For an average level of assurance, one may use Level II with medium test intensities; for highest level of assurance, Level I; and for the lowest level of assurance, Level III. For more information astm d4169 www.
Positive results indicated a package with good integrity for astm d4169 test it had passed, but no assurance that it would perform well when exposed to astm d4169 major hazards in distribution.
This may, however, prohibit evaluating the influence of the container closure on container performance. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard astm d4169 are not provided as part of the standard.
The asrm given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. Testing parameters such as intensity or duration were often at significantly higher levels than expected in actual shipments, and new package specimens were used for each test.